Upaya Sekuritisasi Pemerintah Bangladesh Terhadap Keberadaan Pengungsi Rohingya

Main Article Content

Yuliana Indra Pertiwi


The prolong existence of Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh had caused several problems and threatened its national security and people of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Government as securitizing actor take securitization act to protect its national security and people of Bangladesh based on policies made. This research use securitization theory or Copenhagen School to enlightened Bangladesh Government actions to securitize its national security and people of Bangladesh upon the problem caused by the existence of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. This research uses qualitative methods with books and journal articles related as data sources. The result of this research shows Bangladesh government actions to securitize its national security and people of Bangladesh based on its policies is the best way for both parties to repress the broadening of existing problem.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Pertiwi, Y. I. (2021) “Upaya Sekuritisasi Pemerintah Bangladesh Terhadap Keberadaan Pengungsi Rohingya”, Nation State: Journal of International Studies, 4(1), pp. 93 - 116. doi: 10.24076/nsjis.v4i1.460.
Research Article


Alam, S. (2018) Drug use among Bangladeshi children at alarming levelAl. Anadolu Ajans?. Available at: https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/drug-use-among-bangladeshi-children-at-alarming-level/1023044 (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

Banerjee, S. (2019) Drug Trafficking and Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh (Online). Available at: https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/drug-trafficking-and-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh-49005/ (Accessed: May 22, 2019).

Bashar, I. (2012) “Rohingyas in Bangladesh and Myanmar: Quest for a Sustainable Solution”. RSIS Commentaries, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore., 1-4. doi:https://hdl.handle.net/10356/95197

Bashar, I. (2017) “Exploitation of the Rohingya Crisis by Jihadist Groups: Implications for Bangladesh’s Internal Security”. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses, 9(9), 5-7. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/26351550 (Accessed: January 14, 2021).

Benar News. (2019) Minister: Bangladesh Spends $300 Million Per Month on Rohingya Refugees (Online). Available at: https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/bengali/bangladesh-rohingya-03082019153451.html (Accessed: February 8, 2021).

Chan, Emily Y.y., Cheuk Pong Chiu, and Gloria K.w. Chan. (2017) “Medical and Health Risks Associated with Communicable Diseases of Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh”. International Journal of Infectious Diseases68: 39-43. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2018.01.001.

Chowdhury, J. (2019) Bangladesh, Growing Tired of Hosting Rohingya Refugees, Puts New Squeeze on the Teeming Camps (Online). Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/bangladesh-growing-tired-of-hosting-rohingya-refugees-puts-new-squeeze-on-a-displaced-minority/2019/09/10/4488cfb4-cfd5-11e9-a620-0a91656d7db6_story.html (Accessed: February 17, 2021).

Crabtree, Kristy. (2010) “Economic Challenges and Coping Mechanisms in Protracted Displacement: A Case Study of the Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh”. Journal of Muslim Mental Health5, no. 1: 41-58. doi:10.1080/15564901003610073.

Cresswell, J. (2014) Research Design. Sage Publications.

Dhaka Tribune. (2017) 'If we can feed 160m, We Can Also Feed 700,000 Rohingya Refugees' (Online). Available at: https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2017/09/12/bangladesh-can-feed-700000-rohingya-refugees (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

Frieder, Max Levi. (2020) The Rohingya Artolution: Teaching Locally Led Community-Based Public Art Educators in the Largest Refugee Camp in History. PhD diss., Teachers College, Columbia University.

Hadiwinata, Bob S. (2017) Studi Dan Teori Hubungan Internasional: Arus Utama, Alternatif, Dan Reflektivis. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Hardoko, E. (2018) Bangladesh Tampung Lebih dari 1 Juta Pengungsi Rohingya (Online). Available at: https://internasional.kompas.com/read/2018/01/17/15391021/bangladesh-tampung-lebih-dari-1-juta-pengungsi-rohingya (Accessed: January 5, 2021).

Hughes, C. W., & Lai, Y. M. (2011) Security studies: A reader. London: Routledge.

Islam, M.M. & Nuzhath, T. (2018) “Health Risks of Rohingya Refugee Population in Bangladesh: A call for Global Attention”. Journal of Global Health, 8(2).

Milton, A., Rahman, M., Hussain, S., Jindal, C., Choudhury, S., Akter, S., . . . Efird, J. (2017) “Trapped in Statelessness: Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8), 942. doi:10.3390/ijerph14080942

Mukul, Sharif A., Saleemul Huq, John Herbohn, Ainun Nishat, A. Atiq Rahman, Raquibul Amin, and Farid Uddin Ahmed. (2019) “Rohingya Refugees and the Environment”. Science364, no. 6436: 138. doi:10.1126/science.aaw9474.

New Age Bussiness. (2020) Bangladesh poverty rate rises to 35pc amid COVID-19 fallout: CPD (Online). Available at: https://www.newagebd.net/article/107855/bangladesh-poverty-rate-rises-to-35pc-amid-covid-19-fallout-cpd (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

Parnini, Syeda Naushin. (2013) “The Crisis of the Rohingya as a Muslim Minority in Myanmar and Bilateral Relations with Bangladesh”. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs33, no. 2: 281-97. doi:10.1080/13602004.2013.826453.

Perdana, A. Vidya. (2019) Bangladesh Tak Mampu Lagi Terima Pengungsi Rohingya Dari Myanmar (Online). Available at: https://internasional.kompas.com/read/2019/03/01/11291821/bangladesh-tak-mampu-lagi-terima-pengungsi-rohingya-dari-myanmar (Accessed: August 8, 2020).

Qadri, Firdausi, Abul Kalam Azad, Meerjady Sabrina Flora, Ashraful Islam Khan, Md Taufiqul Islam, G. Balakrish Nair, Poonam Khetrapal Singh, and John D. Clemens. (2018) “Emergency Deployment of Oral Cholera Vaccine for the Rohingya in Bangladesh”. The Lancet391, no. 10133: 1877-879. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(18)30993-0.

Rahman, M.Z. & Dodul, D.H. (2020) “Causing Security Threat to Host State by Refugees: Context of Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh”. Global Journal of Human-Social Science, pp.23–29.

Rahman, Utpala. (2010) “The Rohingya Refugee: A Security Dilemma for Bangladesh”. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies8, no. 2: 233-39. doi:10.1080/15562941003792135.

Riley, Andrew, Andrea Varner, Peter Ventevogel, M. M. Taimur Hasan, and Courtney Welton-Mitchell. (2017) “Daily Stressors, Trauma Exposure, and Mental Health among Stateless Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh”. Transcultural Psychiatry54, no. 3: 304-31. doi:10.1177/1363461517705571.

Sajjad, Tazreena. (2021) As Bangladesh hosts over a million Rohingya refugees, a scholar explains what motivated the country to open up its borders (Online). Available at: https://theconversation.com/as-bangladesh-hosts-over-a-million-rohingya-refugees-a-scholar-explains-what-motivated-the-country-to-open-up-its-borders-133609 (Accessed: February 8, 2021).

Summers, A., Humphpreys, A., & Leidman, E. (2018) “Notes from the Field: Diarrhea and Acute Respiratory Infection, Oral Cholera Vaccination Coverage, and Care-Seeking Behaviors of Rohingya Refugees — Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh”. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.15585%2Fmmwr.mm6718a6.

Syed S Mahmood, Emily Wroe, Arlan Fuller, Jennifer Leaning. (2016) “The Rohingya people of Myanmar: health, human rights, and identity”. Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, December 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ S0140-6736(16)00646-2.

The Jakarta Post. (2020) Bangladesh Moves More Rohingya to Controversial Island (Online). Available at: https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/12/28/bangladesh-moves-more-rohingya-to-controversial-island-.html#:~:text=After%20the%20first%20transfer%20on,Bhashan%20Char%20is%20so%20isolated (Accessed: February 8, 2021).

Ullah, Akm Ahsan. (2011) “Rohingya Refugees to Bangladesh: Historical Exclusions and Contemporary Marginalization”. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 9, no. 2 (2011): 139-61. doi:10.1080/15562948.2011.567149.

UNHCR (n.d) Rohingya Emergency (Online). Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/rohingya-emergency.html (Accessed:: June 20, 2021).

UNHCR. (2018) Culture, Context and Mental Health of Rohingya Refugees. Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/5bbc6f014.pdf (Accessed:: June 20, 2021).

UNHCR. (2018) UN Launches 2018 appeal for Rohingya Refugees and Bangladeshi Host Communities (Online). Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/news/press/2018/3/5aabd2564/un-launches-2018-appeal-rohingya-refugees-bangladeshi-host-communities.html (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

White, Kate. (2017). “Rohingya in Bangladesh: An Unfolding Public Health Emergency”. The Lancet390, no. 10106: 1947. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(17)32677-6.

WHO, 2019. WHO Bangladesh : Emergency_Rohingya Crisis. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/searo/bangladesh/bangladesh---rohingya-crisis---pdf-reports/sitreps/2019/bi-weekly-situation-report-23---21-november-2019.pdf?sfvrsn=ba998d72_2 (Accessed:: January 20, 2021).

WHO. (2017) 900,000 Vaccines "En Route" to Cox's Bazar To Prevent Cholera (Online). Available at: https://www.who.int/southeastasia/news/detail/29-09-2017-900-000-vaccines-en-route-to-cox-s-bazar-to-prevent-cholera (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

WHO. (2018) One Million Rohingya Refugees, Host Communities Being Vaccinated Against Cholera (Online). Available at: https://www.who.int/southeastasia/news/detail/03-05-2018-one-million-rohingya-refugees-host-communities-being-vaccinated-against-cholera (Accessed: February 8, 2021).

World Bank. (2017) Population, total – Bangladesh (Online). Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=BD (Accessed: June 20, 2021).

World Bank. (2021) Country Overview : Bangladesh. World Bank. Available at: https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/bangladesh/overview (Accessed: June 20, 2021).