Soft Law and the Protection of Climate Migrants A Case Study of Bangladesh

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Sitti Zarina Alimuddin
Ali Muhammad


The study seeks to explain the importance of the ‘soft law’ framework in protecting climate migrants and internally displaced persons in Bangladesh. We argue that the present protection gaps may be addressed without requiring new, enforceable regulations. This study employs qualitative research methodologies based on literature research. Additionally, we draw on secondary data from internet news and academic papers pertinent to the topics discussed in this work. From this research, we found that developing a soft law framework by the International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play an important role to assist Bangladeshi climate migrants. Soft law procedures allow increased inclusivity in global regulation and governance.


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Alimuddin, S. Z. and Muhammad, A. (2023) “Soft Law and the Protection of Climate Migrants: A Case Study of Bangladesh”, Nation State: Journal of International Studies, 6(1), pp. 18 - 33. doi: 10.24076/nsjis.v6i1.996.
Research Article
Author Biography

Ali Muhammad, Department of International Relations, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta – Indonesia

Ali Muhammad, Ph.D. obtained his bachelor’s degree in international Relations at Universitas Gajah Mada Yogyakarta, Indonesia. As for his master’s degree, he earned it from the Australian National Univ. (ANU) Canberra. He received his Ph.D. from Islamic Univ. Malaysia (IIUM). European Union and Southeast Asian studies are among his research interests. Ali’s publications cover Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan: The state dilemma and people’s realities (2020), Deradicalization program in Indonesia radicalizing the radicals (2021), Why did Rwanda join British Commonwealth?: Explaining Rwanda’s Foreign Policy (2021).


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